The following post is from our analyst, Rodney, and is part of an ongoing series of articles that seek to take a deeper and more concerted look into what we can glean from our proprietary depository banking data set.
The recent Fed rate hike thrilled depositors who had been patiently waiting and longing for years for an increase in rates on their deposit products. Now those same depositors are actively anticipating the advent of a new season of higher rates as the initial hike brings with it the prospects of the first taste of the increase they have been expecting.
The hike was also exciting for DepositAccounts; so, in our excitement, we took a look into our database of hundreds of thousands of daily-tracked rates to see what sort of change the rate hike might already be generating. More succinctly, we checked to see if financial institutions were responding quickly and already beginning to increase their rates on the heels of the rate hike.
We began this exercise by researching the percentage of financial institutions that showed an increase in deposit rates (on 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year CDs, checking, savings, and money market accounts) in the three weeks following the rate hike and compared the findings to the same three-week period last year as a "control" period. The results of our analysis were as follows:
As it turns out, just over .5% of the approximately 7,500 financial institutions we monitor posted an increase in rates in the three weeks following the rate hike. Comparatively, increasing rates were found in approximately .9% of institutions during the same period one year ago.
However, when we researched the growth in APY of the same eight deposit products across the three weeks following the Fed rate hike, we found some rather interesting results. Compared again to the same control period mentioned above, a higher average APY gain was recorded for every product following the Fed hike, except 3 Year CDs (which was basically flat) and checking. As you can see in this chart, the period after the Fed hike showed substantially higher APY increases in all CD products than did the prior year period, save the one product on which both showed the same rate–3 Year CDs:
Aside from one oddity in the checking rates, the liquid account rates also showed substantially higher increases in average APY after the rate hike vs. during the same period the year prior:
These sharper increases in average APY were in spite of the fact that a smaller percentage of financial institutions overall were increasing their rates, as we saw above. As such, this movement is driven by the combination of: i) fewer institutions’ decreasing their rates (thereby weighing down on the overall average APY gains) this year vs. last and ii) rate increases that are larger in magnitude than the ones from the year prior.
So while these rate changes already indicate movement in a positive direction (albeit in still-small amounts over a very short time period), the fact that average rates are increasing at a much higher clip in spite of many institutions' having not yet moved in reaction to the Fed hike is encouraging. This data could indicate that we could see sharper increases in the coming months as other institutions jump on board with similarly substantial increases and push the averages higher.
Stay tuned for more analysis on recent rate trends on Monday!