Evaluate the Financial Health of Your Bank
The global financial crisis of 2008 was the start of a wave of bank failures. From 2008 through 2012, a total of 465 banks failed with combined assets of $689 billion. The number of bank failures diminished significantly after 2012, In 2023, banks are once again under stress. This time it is due to the rapid rise of interest rates that began in 2022. A new wave of bank failures may be starting. The number of bank failures in 2023 has remained small, but three of the banks that failed were large banks with combined assets of $549 billion. That exceeds the combined assets of the failed banks in the worst year of the financial crisis (2008) when 25 banks failed with combined assets of $374 billion. With more banks (both large and small) likely to fail, make sure to keep an eye on your bank. Search for your bank below to review its financial health.
If you are not concerned about the financial health of your bank or credit union, you should be. Many folks assume that because their accounts are protected by the FDIC or NCUA, there is nothing to worry about – even if the financial institution fails. While this is largely true as long as you are below the $250,000 maximum insured limit, there are a number of inconveniences associated with having your money in a failed bank or one that is on the verge of failing:
- (Before failure) Decline in services and new offerings: A bank that is on the verge of failing is likely to be in cost-cutting mode, which often means a reduction in staff, services, and new offerings (including other financial product offerings that you may need such as loans).
- (Before failure) Lower interest rates on deposits: The FDIC may apply rate caps for less than well capitalized banks. This has caused several banks to make substantial rate cuts to their reward checking accounts.
- (Before failure) Lower value on brokered CDs: Brokered CDs issued from weak banks are worth less on the secondary market than CDs issued from stronger banks. If you need the money from a brokered CD, it must be sold on the secondary market. You'll get back less of your money if the brokered CD is from a financially weak bank.
- (Upon failure) Delays in getting your money: If the FDIC or NCUA does not have another institution lined up, you will have to wait up to three weeks for a check in the mail.
- (Upon failure) Fees and hassles: If a bank is closed without another bank assuming the deposits, un-cleared transactions are sent back. This can result in fees, interruption in service, and other problems.
- (Upon failure) CD rate cuts: CD rates are often lowered after a closure. Without a closure, the CD rate lasts until the maturity date. However, when another bank assumes the deposits of a failed bank, the new bank is free to lower the rates on existing CDs.
- (Upon failure) Hassles (or worse) for borrowers: If you are also a borrower with your failed bank, your complications may expand exponentially. At minimum, you can expect your monthly payment procedures and contacts to change (if you don’t shop around and refinance with a new bank altogether). For those that have delinquent loans, lines of credit, or certain types of business loans, the list of new fees, costs, rate changes, and other roadblocks that you may experience can be long and unpleasant!
How Does Your Bank Measure Up?
Search For Your Bank
Best and Worst Banks and Credit Unions by Texas Ratio
In addition to our proprietary health rating system that assigns an overall letter grade to financial institutions based on a number of factors, we recognize that many visitors also want to see the raw Texas Ratio figures for each financial institution. Use the filter options below to access our database and search by best/worst, institution type (banks/CUs), state, and asset size.
|Bank or Credit Union||Headquarters||Texas Ratio||Assets|
|Carter Bank & Trust||Martinsville, VA||72.53%||$4.38 billion|
|Blue Ridge Bank||Martinsville, VA||30.32%||$3.18 billion|
|Patriot Bank (CT)||Stamford, CT||23.58%||$1.16 billion|
|Bank of Washington||Washington, MO||22.77%||$1.07 billion|
|American State Bank (TX)||Arp, TX||21.46%||$1.02 billion|
|Bank of Springfield||Springfield, IL||20.39%||$1.47 billion|
|Liberty Savings Bank||Wilmington, OH||19.04%||$1.23 billion|
|Century Bank (NM)||Santa Fe, NM||16.81%||$1.41 billion|
|North American Banking Company||Roseville, MN||16.29%||$1.23 billion|
|Northern Bank||Woburn, MA||15.84%||$2.99 billion|
|CoreFirst Bank & Trust||Topeka, KS||15.4%||$1.23 billion|
|BankFinancial, FSB||Olympia Fields, IL||14.59%||$1.52 billion|
|Forbright Bank||Chevy Chase, MD||14.29%||$6.61 billion|
|CornerStone Bank||Fargo, ND||14.19%||$1.38 billion|
|Meridian Bank||Paoli, PA||13.72%||$2.21 billion|
|PathFinder Bank||Oswego, NY||13.62%||$1.39 billion|
|First Southern Bank||Marion, IL||13.53%||$1.01 billion|
|Evans Bank, National Association||Angola, NY||13.36%||$2.14 billion|
|West Texas National Bank||Midland, TX||13.19%||$2.30 billion|
|Bank of Guam||Hagatna, GU||13.09%||$2.65 billion|
|Beal Bank USA||Las Vegas, NV||12.86%||$26.13 billion|
|Home Federal Bank of Tennessee||Knoxville, TN||12.78%||$2.79 billion|
|Gulf Coast Bank & Trust Co.||New Orleans, LA||12.75%||$3.05 billion|
|First National Bank of America||East Lansing, MI||12.67%||$4.96 billion|
|Crescent Bank||New Orleans, LA||12.52%||$1.45 billion|
|TAB Bank||Ogden, UT||12.28%||$1.25 billion|
|Hometown Community Banks||Morton, IL||12.06%||$5.59 billion|
|CB&S Bank||Russellville, AL||12.03%||$2.46 billion|
|Royal Banks of Missouri||University City, MO||12.01%||$1.01 billion|
|Lincoln Savings Bank||Reinbeck, IA||11.66%||$1.88 billion|
|M1 Finance||Chicago, IL||11.66%||$1.88 billion|
|PeoplesSouth Bank||Colquitt, GA||11.61%||$1.09 billion|
|Fieldpoint Private ||Greenwich, CT||11.52%||$1.44 billion|
|Dubuque Bank & Trust||Dubuque, IA||11.36%||$1.95 billion|
|Lone Star National Bank||Pharr, TX||11.25%||$2.79 billion|
|Bread Financial||Draper, UT||11.07%||$11.79 billion|
|Stride Bank||Enid, OK||11.04%||$3.06 billion|
|Oriental Bank||San Juan, PR||11.01%||$9.93 billion|
|Peoples National Bank , N.A.||Mount Vernon, IL||10.92%||$1.69 billion|
|CFG Bank||Baltimore, MD||10.9%||$5.08 billion|
|Solera National Bank||Lakewood, CO||10.38%||$1.17 billion|
|Apex Bank||Camden, TN||10.37%||$1.21 billion|
|Republic Bank (Philadelphia, PA)||Philadelphia, PA||10.36%||$6.02 billion|
|Merrick Bank||South Jordan, UT||10.22%||$5.52 billion|
|BankProv||Amesbury, MA||10.16%||$1.76 billion|
|Pioneer Bank (NM)||Roswell, NM||10.14%||$1.03 billion|
|Beneficial State Bank||Oakland, CA||10.04%||$1.76 billion|
|The City National Bank of Sulphur Springs||Sulphur Springs, TX||10.01%||$1.23 billion|
|First State Bank (13622)||Gothenburg, NE||9.85%||$1.03 billion|
|First Bankers Trust Company||Quincy, IL||9.76%||$1.14 billion|
How Do You Know if Your Bank is at Risk?
The FDIC and NCUA each maintain a watch list of banks and credit unions they believe are at risk of failing, but they keep these lists secret in order to prevent panic among customers at those institutions, resulting in more failures. They do, however, publish the raw financial numbers for each institution every quarter. It is possible to use different formulas with this data to determine the financial health of banks and credit unions. DepositAccounts uses its own proprietary formula to assess the financial health of all federally insured banks and credit unions in the US. Peruse some of the key components of the formula that are discussed below, and then see how your bank or credit union measures up by using the search box below.
Developed at RBC Capital Markets, the Texas Ratio is a relatively straightforward and effective way to determine the overall credit troubles experienced by financial institutions. It is determined by comparing the total value of at risk loans to the total value of funds the bank has on hand to cover these loans. At risk loans are any loans that are more than 90 days past due and are not backed by the government. The amount of funds on hand consists of the loan loss allowance that the bank has set aside plus any equity capital.
For example, a bank with $65 million in at risk loans and $72 million in cash on hand to cover those loans would have a Texas Ratio of $65mm / $72mm, which is 90.3%. This figure is approaching the 100% threshold, which is considered very risky. You can also look at the trend in this Texas Ratio as an additional factor to tell if the bank's financial health is heading in the right direction.
When people put money in a bank, it is an indicator of confidence. It also increases the money that a bank has on hand and can help strengthen the balance sheet of the bank. You can look to see the amount of total deposits that a bank has and look to see whether they have been increasing over time. A strong track record of stable growth is an indicator of consumer confidence and the bank's ability to strengthen its balance sheet. The opposite can be an indicator of a decline in confidence in the institution and, if pronounced and prolonged, can mean that the bank’s ability to keep a strong balance sheet is in jeopardy.
Another quick, at-a-glance indicator of bank financial health is its available capital. You can figure available capital with a direct calculation of an institution’s assets minus its liabilities. Stronger capital means that more assets are available to cover potential losses.