When you hear or read about Money Market Accounts – the first thing that probably comes to mind is the Money Market Mutual Fund. There are differences between the Money Market Mutual Fund and the Money Market Deposit Account though, and if you're looking to invest your money and maximize your earnings, understanding the differences between the deposit account and the mutual fund version of money markets can help you decide which one will be more beneficial to you – or help you decide that you want one of each type, if you are looking for additional ways to diversify your portfolio.
Money Market Mutual Fund: The Investment With Risk
The mutual fund version of money market accounts are not insured by the FDIC. They have expenses and can decline in value – in other words, you can lose the money you invest in a money market mutual fund. Money Market mutual funds invest in short-term, fixed income investments like U.S. Treasuries, which mature in less than one year. The potential is good for higher returns than the typical savings account could give you.
A major advantage of Money Market mutual funds as investments is that they have a high level of liquidity and flexibility. Most of the accounts allow you to write checks or make ATM withdrawals from your account balance if you need to access the money you have in them.
Money Market Deposit Accounts: The FDIC Insured Investment
There are some similarities between the Money Market mutual fund and the Money Market deposit accounts. Like the mutual fund investment, the Money Market deposit account also invests your money into short-term, fixed income investments and offers higher rates of return over the standard savings account. You are unlikely to find a savings account online or off that offers the same interest percentage rates offered on a money market deposit account. You can access your money through ATM cards or checks in most cases, too, which makes it useful for people who want to earn interest on their investment while still having access to the money without having to pay early withdrawal fees or penalties in the event of an emergency.
The primary difference between the two money market accounts is that the money you contribute into a Money Market deposit account is insured by a government agency (FDIC) just like bank accounts are, and you are not at risk to lose your investment like you are with the mutual fund version. Money Market deposit accounts offer FDIC insurance up to $100,000 per depositor, per bank (although through December 31, 2009, the limits have been raised to $250,000 per depositor, per bank.
Making Your Choice
Investing in either money market funds or money market deposit accounts can be a little confusing. The similar names can make it difficult for people who are new to the world of investing to keep the two investment vehicles straight! To make matters even more complicated, Money Market mutual funds and Money Market deposit accounts are often offered through the same financial institution. When choosing Money Market mutual funds, you'd want to review the prospectus just as you would any other mutual fund investment, as well as the risks and fees associated with the account; and when choosing a Money Market deposit account you would want to understand the amount of FDIC coverage you receive, as well as any limitations for withdrawing money or writing checks against the money in the account.